Wednesday, July 23, 2008

"Creative Commons / FLOSS-style licensing too restrictive for scientific data"

This article takes the provocative (but well-argued) position that Creative Commons / FLOSS -type licensing applied to scientific data is too restrictive and that the default licensing model for this data should be that it be in the public domain. The arguments are quite convincing: I think I may be convinced...

John Wilbanks. 2008. Public domain, copyright licenses and the freedom to integrate science. Journal of Science Communication 7 (2).

Data Freedom paper

This Science Commons project looks at the restrictions on life science databases:

  • Dulong de Rosnay, M. (2008). Check Your Data Freedom: A Taxonomy to Assess Life Science Database Openness. Nature Precedings DOI: 10.1038/npre.2008.2083.1

Abstract: Molecular biology data are subject to terms of use that vary widely between databases and curating institutions. This research presents a taxonomy of contractual and technical restrictions applicable to databases in life science. It builds upon research led by Science Commons demonstrating why open data and the freedom to integrate facilitate innovation and how this openness can be achieved. The taxonomy describes technical and legal restrictions applicable to life science databases, and its metadata have been used to assess terms of use of databases hosted by Life Science Resource Name (LSRN) Schema. While a few public domain policies are standardized, most terms of use are not harmonized, difficult to understand and impose controls that prevent others from effectively reusing data. Identifying a small number of restrictions allows one to quickly appreciate which databases are open. A checklist for data openness is proposed in order to assist database curators who wish to make their data more open to make sure they do so.

Monday, July 21, 2008

Data Integration in the Life Sciences

LNCS 5109: Data Integration in the Life Sciences (5th International Workshop, DILS 2008, Evry, France, June 25-27, 2008). Some interesting papers:

Sharing Data, Information and Knowledge

LNCS 5071: Sharing Data, Information and Knowledge (25th British National Conference on Databases, BNCOD 25, Cardiff, UK, July 7-10, 2008). Some interesting papers:

Scientific and Statistical Database Management

Volume 5069 of LNCS titled "Scientific and Statistical Database Management" (20th International Conference, SSDBM 2008, Hong Kong, China, July 9-11, 2008) is just out. Some interesting papers:

NB: I would be using DOIs for these articles as they are available but they do not seem to be registered yet with doi.org...

Friday, July 18, 2008

List of Digital Library Conference Proceedings

The proceedings for digital library conferences are a little hard to find. They are distributed across the ACM Digital Library, the IEEE Xplore, Springer's Lecture Notes on Computer Science (LNCS), and other less accessible sites. It is definitely not convenient having to look all over for these resources.

I've decided to collect what I could find here in this blog entry. If there are any missing (I am sure there are) please let me know and I will add them. NB: I've focused on the proceedings, and only listed the conference web sites when I couldn't find the proceedings.


  • 2009

  • 2008
    • ICADL 2008 - International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries 2 - 5 December 2008, Bali, Indonesia
    • ECDL 2008. Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries
      12th European Conference, ECDL 2008, Aarhus, Denmark, September 14-19, 2008. Proceedings. Zzzoot post.


    • JCDL 2008 International Conference on Digital Libraries. Proceedings of the 8th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries Pittsburgh PA, PA, USA June 16 - 20, 2008. Proceedings

  • 2007
    • JCDL '07 Proceedings of the 7th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries. Proceedings of the 7th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries Vancouver, BC, Canada June 18 - 23, 2007. Proceedings

    • First International DELOS Conference: Digital Libraries: Research and Development. Pisa, Italy, February 13-14, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. Proceedings

    • ICADL2007Looking Back 10 Years and Forging New Frontiers. 10th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries, ICADL 2007, Hanoi, Vietnam, December 10-13, 2007.
      Proceedings

    • ECDL2007 Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 11th European Conference, ECDL 2007, Budapest, Hungary, September 16-21, 2007. Proceedings

    • IRCDL2007 3rd Italian Research Conference on Digital Library Systems Padova, Italy, 29-30 January 2007

  • 2006
    • JCDL2006 International Conference on Digital Libraries archive Proceedings of the 6th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries 2006, Chapel Hill, NC, USA June 11 - 15, 2006. Proceedings

    • ICADL2006 Digital Libraries: Achievements, Challenges and Opportunities. 9th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries Kyoto, Japan, November 27-30, 2006. Proceedings

    • ECDL2006 Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries 10th European Conference, ECDL 2006, Alicante, Spain, September 17-22, 2006. Proceedings

    • IRCDL 2006 Second Italian Research Conference on Digital Library Management Systems. Padova, 27th January 2006 Proceedings


  • 2005
    • JCDL2005 International Conference on Digital Libraries archive Proceedings of the 5th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries Denver, CO, USA June 07 - 11, 2005 Proceedings

    • ICADL2005 Digital Libraries: Implementing Strategies and Sharing Experiences. 8th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries, ICADL 2005, Bangkok, Thailand, December 12-15, 2005. Proceedings

    • ECDL2005 Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 9th European Conference, ECDL 2005, Vienna, Austria, September 18-23, 2005. Proceedings

    • ICADL2005 Digital Libraries: International Collaboration and Cross-Fertilization. 7th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries, ICADL 2004, Shanghai, China, December 13-17, 2004. Proceedings

    • IRCDL2005 First Italian Research Conference on Digital Library Management Systems. Proceedings


  • 2004
    • JCDL2004 International Conference on Digital Libraries. Proceedings of the 4th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries 2004, Tuscon, AZ, USA June 07 - 11, 2004. Proceedings

    • ECDL2004 Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 8th European Conference, ECDL 2004, Bath, UK, September 12-17, 2004. Proceedings


  • 2003
    • ECDL2003 Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 7th European Conference, ECDL 2003 Trondheim, Norway, August 17-22, 2003 Proceedings
    • JCDL2003 International Conference on Digital Libraries. Proceedings of the 3rd ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries 2003, Houston, Texas May 27 - 31, 2003
      Proceedings

    • ICADL2003 Digital Libraries: Technology and Management of Indigenous Knowledge for Global Access. 6th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, December 8-12, 2003. Proceedings

  • 2002
    • JCDL2002 International Conference on Digital Libraries. Proceedings of the 2nd ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries 2002, Portland, Oregon, USA July 14 - 18, 2002. Proceedings

    • ICADL2002 Digital Libraries: People, Knowledge, and Technology. 5th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries, ICADL 2002 Singapore, December 11-14, 2002. Proceedings

    • Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries. Proceedings

    • ECDL2002 Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 6th European Conference, ECDL 2002 Rome, Italy, September 16-18, 2002. Proceedings


  • 2001
    • JCDL2001 International Conference on Digital Libraries. Proceedings of the 1st ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries 2001, Roanoke, Virginia, United States
      Proceedings

    • ECDL2001 Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 5th European Conference, ECDL 2001 Darmstadt, Germany, September 4-9, 2001. Proceedings


  • 2000
    • Fifth ACM conference on Digital libraries. San Antonio, Texas, United States June 02 - 07, 2000. Proceedings

    • IEEE Advances in Digital Libraries, 2000. ADL 2000. Proceedings

    • ECDL2000 Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 4th European Conference, ECDL 2000 Lisbon, Portugal, September 18-20, 2000 Proceedings Proceedings

    • ICADL2000 The 3rd International Conference of Asian Digital Library. Seoul, Korea December 6 to 8 2000 Conference: Proceedings Papers: 404 Broken: http://www.icadl.org/2000/fullpapers.html Posters: 404 http://www.icadl.org/2000/posterpapers.html

  • 1999
    • IEEE Advances in Digital Libraries, 1999. ADL 1999. Research and Technology Advances in Digital Libraries. Proceedings

    • ISDL'99 International Symposium on Digital Libraries 1999. September 28-29, 1999 Ibaraki, Japan. Proceedings

    • ECDL99 Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. Third European Conference, ECDL'99, Paris, France, September 22-24, 1999. Proceedings

    • Fourth ACM conference on Digital libraries. Berkeley, California, United States August 11 - 14, 1999. Proceedings

    • ICADL1999 Second Asian Digital Libraries Conference National Taiwan University
      November 8-9, 1999 Taipei, Taiwan
      Conference:
      Missing Program: http://www.lis.ntu.edu.tw/ICADL1999/accepted.htm
      Missing proceedings:
      http://www.lis.ntu.edu.tw/ICADL1999/proceedings.htm

  • 1998

  • 1997
    • ECDL 97 Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. First European Conference, ECDL '97, Pisa, Italy, 1-3 September. Proceedings

    • Second ACM international conference on Digital libraries. 1997, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States July 23 - 26, 1997. Proceedings

    • IEEE Advances in Digital Libraries, 1997. ADL 1997. Proceedings

    • ISDL'97 International Symposium on Research, Development and Practice in Digital Libraries
      November 18 - 21, 1997 Tsukuba Science City, Japan. Proceedings

  • 1996
    • First ACM international conference on Digital libraries Bethesda, Maryland, United States March 20 - 23, 1996. Proceedings

    • IEEE Advances in Digital Libraries, 1996. ADL 1996. Proceedings

  • 1995
    • IEEE Advances in Digital Libraries, 1995. ADL 1995. Digital Libraries Research and Technology Advances. Forum McLean, Virginia, USA, May 15-17, 1995. Proceedings

    • ISDL'95 International Symposium on Digital Libraries 1995 August 22 - 25, 1995
      University of Library and Information Science Tsukuba Science City, Ibaraki, Japan. Proceedings

  • 1994
    • Digital Libraries Current Issues Digital Libraries Workshop DL '94 Newark, NJ, USA, May 19–20, 1994. Proceedings

    • Digital Libraries '94 (DL '94). The First Annual Conference on the Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries June 19-21, 1994. College Station, Texas. Proceedings










Thursday, July 17, 2008

CIHR Health Summit: "Data Data Everywhere: Access and Accountability"

The Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR) is hosting a Health Summit "Data Data Everywhere: Access and Accountability", October 20-21 2008, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Here is the tentative program:

  • Day 1 (October 21)
    • Welcoming Remarks Alain Beaudet, President, CIHR
    • Keynote Panel - Setting the Stage: Information Needs of the Health of Canadians
      • Robyn Tamblyn
      • Terry Sullivan, Chief Executive Officer, Cancer Care Ontario
      • Penny Ballem, Chair, CIHR-IHSPR Health Information Summit Steering Committee

    • Plenary Session 1: Secondary Use of Data: Different Perspectives
      • Wendy Armstrong, Board Member, Consumers’ Association of Alberta
      • Robert Ouellet, President Elect, Canadian Medical Association
      • Dorothy Pringle, Professor Emeritus, Lawrence S. Bloomberg, Faculty of Nursing University of Toronto
      • Jack Tu, Senior Scientist, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Studies

    • Plenary Session 2: Ethics and Privacy
      • William Lowrance, Consultant
      • Pat Kosseim, General Counsel of the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada
      • Valerie Steeves, Assistant Professor, Department of Criminology, University of Ottawa

    • Plenary Session 3 : International Perspectives (Successful Case Studies of Secondary Use of Data from other Jurisdictions)
      • Andrew Nelson, Executive Director, HMO Research Network
      • Rob Reid, Associate Investigator, Group Health Cooperative

  • Day 2 (October 22)
    • Plenary Session 4: National and Cross Jurisdictional Approaches to Data Linkage
      • Michael Wolfson, Assistant Chief Statistician, Statistics Canada
      • Glenda Yeates, Chief Executive Officer, Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHR)
      • David Henry, CEO, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES)
      • Pat Martens, Director, Manitoba Centre for Health Policy

    • Plenary Session 5: Making the most of the current environment: secondary uses of data for diseasebased research and systems management
      • Simon Sutcliffe, CEO, BC Cancer Agency
      • Lisa Lix, Senior Researcher, Manitoba Centre for Health Policy
      • Dale McMurchy

    • Plenary Session 6: Making the most of the current environment: secondary uses of data for quality improvement
      • Ben Chan, Chief Executive Officer, Ontario Health Quality Council
      • Alan Katz, Associate Director of Research, Manitoba Centre for Health Policy (MCHP)
      • Shoo Lee, Director, iCare - Canadian Neonatal Network

    • Plenary Session 7: Next Steps
      • Penny Ballem, Chair, CIHR-IHSPR Health Information Summit Steering Committee (Plenary Session Chair)
      • Don Willison, Associate Professor, Dept. of Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, McMaster University, and Member, IHSPR Health Information Subcommittee
      • Steven Lewis
      • Colleen Flood, Scientific Director, CIHR-IHSPR

  • Update: 2008 08 25: I see that registration is now open.

Tuesday, July 15, 2008

"The Scholarly Kitchen"

The Scholarly Kitchen is a scholarly publishing & community blog looking at interesting projects, activities, other blogs, etc. I like its tone and its focus.
Some recent postings include Open Access, the data vs. hypothesis debate, reputation and journal quality, happenings at/with PLoS, the h-index, applications not publications, etc.

Monday, July 14, 2008

Copyright & digital preservation report

International Study on the Impact of Copyright Law on Digital Preservation, A joint report of The Library of Congress National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (U.S.), The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC - U.K.), The Open Access to Knowledge (OAK) Law Project (Australia) and The SURFfoundation (Netherlands). July 2008

Thursday, July 10, 2008

Librarians unhappy with The Google (again)

The Wired Campus is reporting (Librarians Accuse Google of Using and Discarding Them) how the ire of librarians with respect to Google appears to be cresting (again). This time I think it is more serious: some fairly strong words are being written:

BBC Media Player Volume goes up to (Spinal Tap) 11?


I was on the BBC site watching a video on carnivorous slugs in Wales (really!) using the BBC Media Player, when I noticed that on trying to turn-up the volume, that the volume control went - well - up to eleven! I haven't seen this reported (Doh, just found someone found this on June 10), but this is perhaps a playful homage to Spinal Tap?

Or perhaps the BBC just wants to have the loudest-media-player-in-the-world ? ;-)

Canada the most efficient producer of Computer Science research papers?

A recent article[1] looks at scientific research competitiveness of world universities in computer science, examining at individual university computer science departments as well countries as aggregates of their universities.

The study looks at 233 university computer science departments, 127418 published papers, 468244 citations, 1856 highly cited papers and 57 hot papers over the last 10 years using data from Thomson.

The evaluation criteria are (see the paper for more details):


Canada as an aggregate region came in #4 after the USA, UK, Germany, followed by Italy. Canada had the third highest paper production, citations, and "hot" papers!

For individual universities, only one Canadian university is in the top 23, with University of Toronto coming in at 16th. You can see the top 23 universities listed below:



  1. Stanford
  2. MIT
  3. UC Berkeley
  4. U Texas
  5. U Illinois
  6. Carnegie Mellon
  7. UCSD
  8. Georgia Inst Technol
  9. U Maryland
  10. Eth Zurich
  11. Technion Israel Inst Technol
  12. Princeton

  1. U Washington
  2. Tel Aviv University
  3. Harvard
  4. U Toronto
  5. UCLA
  6. UMichigan
  7. U So Calif
  8. U Minnesota
  9. Natl Univ Singapore
  10. Columbia
  11. Cambridge
I decided to do a little analysis with the numbers from this report and to look at the efficiency of production of computer science research, as measured by papers produces per capita for the above top 5 countries (as reported in this paper). Using the population figures from the CIA World Factbook and the CS paper production rates reported, I get the following rankings:
  1. Canada: 23 x10-3 CS papers per capita (7520 papers / 33,390,141 pop.)

  2. USA: 17 x10-3 CS papers per capita (51221 papers / 301,139,947 pop.)

  3. UK: 14 x10-3 CS papers per capita (8569 papers / 60,776,238 pop.)

  4. Italy: 10 x10 -3 CS papers per capita (6160 papers / 58,147,733 pop.)

  5. Germany: 8 x10-3 CS papers per capita (6779 papers / 82,400,996 pop.)

It would seem that Canada is the most efficient country with respect to per capita production of Computer Science research papers among the top five Computer Science research countries (as measured by the criteria of, and data from, this paper). So Canadians - who are continuously harangued about their great inefficiencies in all sorts of things science and technology - should at least feel somewhat good about these results. :-)

While this data is from a peer-reviewed journal article, these results and these metrics should be viewed cautiously, perhaps even with a little salt... ;-)

[1]Ma, R., Ni, C., Qiu, J. (2008). Scientific research competitiveness of world universities in computer science. Scientometrics, 76(2), 245-260. DOI: 10.1007/s11192-007-1913-7

Friday, July 04, 2008

Open access: opportunities and challenges: A Handbook

A collection of excellent Open Access papers (somewhat Germany/EU-oriented, but with some good international and canonical content) has just been published:

Open access: opportunities and challenges: - A handbook (PDF). 2008. The European Commission and the German Commission for UNESCO, translated from the original German edition published by the German Commission for UNESCO.
Its table of contents:

Chapter 1: Definition and Origin of Open Access
  • The Concept of Open Access. Norbert Lossau
  • Open Access – A Historical Survey. Peter Schirmbacher
Chapter 2: An Introduction to Three Publication Models
  • The Edoc-Server at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin: An Example of an Open Access Repository. Susanne Dobratz
  • The New Journal of Physics as an Example of Open Access Journals. Eberhard Bodenschatz
  • The Example of a Hybrid Model: Springer Open Choice. Jan Velterop
Chapter 3: Implementing Open Access Models
  • Financing Open Access Models. Stefan Gradmann
  • Open Access and (German) Copyright. Karl-Nikolaus Peifer
  • Open Access and Quality Assurance. Eberhard Bodenschatz & Ulrich Pöschl
  • Open Access and Long-term Archiving. Ute Schwens & Reinhard Altenhöner
  • Open Access and the Structure of Academic Communication. Hans Pfeiffenberger
  • Data-processing, Data-transfer and Search:Further Technical Challenges for Open Access. Wolfram Horstmann
  • The Acceptance and Distribution of Freely Accessible Publications. Johannes Fournier
Chapter 4: Political Perspectives
  • Controversial Issues in the Context of Open Access. Ralf Schimmer
  • Open Access in Higher Education, Science and Scholarship:
    • Open Access in the Natural Sciences. Wolfgang Voges
    • Open Access in the Humanities. Gudrun Gersmann
    • Open Access in the Social Sciences. Ulrich Herb
    • Open Access within the German Research Foundation. Johannes Fournier
  • Open Access and the German Academic System:
    • Common Perspectives of the Alliance of Research Organisations.
      Working Group of the Open Access Commissioners of the Alliance of Research Organisations.
  • Libraries and Open Access. Claudia Lux
  • Publishers and Open Access:
    • Subscription-based Journal Publishing. Robert Campbell & Edward Wates, Wiley-Blackwell
    • Hamburg University Press and Open Access. Gabriele Beger & Isabella Meinecke
    • Brussels Declaration on STM Publishing
  • Open Access and Education:
    • The Legal Protection of Open Access: The Position of the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of the Länder in the Federal Republic of Germany. Thomas Pflüger
    • Open Access and Education Policy: Perspectives of a Politician. Jörg Tauss
    • Open Access from the Point of View of the Coalition for Action 'Copyright for Education and Research. Rainer Kuhlen
  • Open Access and Consumer Protection:
    • The View of the Federation of German Consumer Organisations. Patrick von Braunmühl
  • German Development Cooperation and Open Access. Peter Rave
  • The Media and Open Access:
    • The Point of View of Public Service Broadcasting. Verena Wiedemann
Chapter 5: International Context
  • National Initiatives in Europe. Katja Mruck & Rubina Vock
  • European Initiatives. Celina Ramjoué
  • Open Access in the United States. Peter Suber
  • National non-European Initiatives:Open Access in India – the Status Quo. Mangala Hirwade
  • International Initiatives. Andreas Hübner


Thanks Donat Agosti and Peter Suber