Monday, December 22, 2008
While I know this article is marketing-oriented, it is clear that some of the results from these experiments will be/have been published in peer-reviewed journals. Yet the authors make no mention of informed consent - even as an aside - in the entire article (and no mention of privacy or privacy issues either). Some of the experiments described or cited are not too different from those that might be done in social sciences or IT user interface research, where researchers are usually required to go through an ethics review process and invariable need to obtain informed consent from their subjects.
It seems that you just need to say it is for marketing and these issues all go away.
R. Kohavi, R. Longbotham, D. Sommerfield & R. Henne. 2009. Controlled experiments on the web: survey and practical guide. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery 18:1:140-181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10618-008-0114-1
Tuesday, December 09, 2008
The organizations reviewed are:
- CEN (European Committee for Standardization)
- Ecma (European association for standardizing information and communication systems
- ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
- IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
- ISO (International Organization for Standardization)
- ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
- NIST (National Institute of Technology and Standards)
- OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards)
- OMG (Object Management Group)
- W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)
Evaluation of Ten Standard Setting Orgizanizations with Regard to Open Standards
Abstract: On 2 June 2006, the Danish parliament (the Folketing) unanimously adopted
Parliamentary Resolution B103 on the use of open standards for software in the
public sector. The Resolution instructs the Government to ensure that the
public sector's use of information technology, including the use of software,
should be based on open standards. Therefore, the Danish National IT and
Telecom Agency (IT- og Telestyrelsen) has commissioned to IDC to evaluate the
degree of "openness" of the leading standard setting organizations.
- ODF made national standard in Sweden (Sept 2008)
- Denmark: Committee appointed to evaluate impact of Open Standards June 2008
- Double Standards? Trial Mandation of Dual Standards (June 2007)
- Denmark Says ODF and Open XML Ok (June 2007)
- Denmark's Resolution on Open Standards - Updated (Groklaw, June 2006)
- Open geospatial standards in local governments in Denmark
Friday, December 05, 2008
For those following federal university commercialization activities, this work is an excellent review of the recent state of these programs, activities and organizations.
It should be noted that this research is part of a larger and broader research effort benchmarking commercialization of research in Canada, Finland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Scotland, and Sweden. The list of the Canadian interviewees can be found in this larger work (p.52).
"Compared to most countries, Canada has a long tradition of state involvement to promote the economic utilization of scientific research (Atkinson-Grosjean et al., 2001; Slaughter and Leslie, 1997). Moreover, Canada has an overwhelming number of programs at federal and provincial level that may be used to support the commercialization of research. Although using a very broad definition, one survey identified 178 initiatives that represented an expenditure of Canadian dollar (CAD) 3.2 billion a year (Gault and McDaniel, 2004)."
Efficiency of university commercialization:
"Clayman (2004) found that Canadian universities created considerably more spin-off companies than their US counterparts, counting the companies created per dollar of research."
R&D Expenditure: Private/public:
"Canada has a relatively modest level of R&D expenditure due to low investments in the private sector. Public R&D expenditure is, however, among the highest in the world. About one-third of all R&D activity is performed by Canada's close to 100 universities and university colleges (most by the top 20), roughly 12% by government institutes, and just above half by Canadian industry."
Diversity of IP Policy at Canadian universities:
"It is also important to note that Canadian universities have a diversity of approaches to IP ownership, IP strategies, and the organization of their technology transfer activities. For instance, in the city of Vancouver the University of British Columbia owns the IP, while at Simon Fraser University the IP is owned by the inventors. Among the 20 largest universities, the IP is owned by the creator (academics) in eight cases, in another eight cases the IP is university owned, and the remaining four have joint ownership or case-by-case negotiations."
Three Categories of Commercialization Initiatives:
"Federal level initiatives to support the commercialization of Canadian research could be divided into three agency areas. First, the federal research institutes such as NRC make their own internal priorities in supporting commercialization. Second, there are a number of targeted schemes from CIHR, NSERC, and SSHRC towards commercialization at universities. Third, general agencies such as the Industrial Research Assistance Program (NRC-IRAP) and the Business Development Bank of Canada (BDC) give considerable support to research-based spin-off firms. For instance, about half the Canadian university spin-offs have received IRAP funds, and 23 of 35 investments by BDC's Technology Seed Investments involved spin-offs from universities or federal labs according to officials in these organizations."
"Although all the initiatives investigated in this study are operated by government agencies, they seem to emphasize a bottom-up approach (Goldfarb and Henrekson, 2002). That is, to be flexible according to local needs and support with funding, expertise development, experimenting, and networks, in contrast to a top-down approach imposing a general set of policies and structures for the commercialization of research. As argued by Goldfarb and Henrekson, 2002, a bottom-up approach is a key explanation for the success at US universities in promoting commercialization of research, in contrast to the limited success of the top-down approach in Sweden."
Metrics: People and cooperation would be better?
"A final observation related to the commercialization of university research is that the use of quantitative measures (number of patents, licenses, spin-off firms, revenue generated, etc.) to measure the outcome of technology transfer activity is increasingly critiqued in Canada (Langford et al., 2006). It is recognized that the major channels for technology transfer are the transfer of people, especially graduated students, and research cooperation with existing industry, including faculty consulting. Hence, licensing and spin-offs account for only a small share of technology transfer from research institutions and their impact might be difficult to separate from the other technology transfer activity (Landry et al., 2007). Several Canadian officials expressed concern that a too narrow focus on short-term indicators could be misinterpreted and do more harm than good in order to achieve the potential for social and economic benefits from research."
Programs/Organizations/Activities examined in some detail in this article:
- Intellectual Property Mobilization program (IPM)
- NSERC College and Community Innovation Pilot Program
- CIHR Proof of Principle Program (POP)
- NSERC Idea to Innovation (I2I) program
- NRC-Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP)
- Department of Industry Commercialization pilot
Einar Rasmussen. 2008. Government instruments to support the commercialization of university research: Lessons from Canada. Technovation 28:8:506-517. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2007.12.002.Related:
Einar Rasmussen, Odd Jarl Borch, Roger Sørheim, Are Gjellan. 2006. Government initiatives to support the commercialization of research - an international benchmarking study.
- Moira Decter,David Bennett,Michel Leseure. 2007. University to business technology transfer: UK and USA comparisons. Technovation 27:3:145-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2006.02.001
- Timothy R. Anderson, U. Daim, Francois F. Lavoie. 2007. Measuring the efficiency of university technology transfer. Technovation 27:5:306-318.
- P. Craig Boardman. 2008. Beyond the stars: The impact of affiliation with university biotechnology centers on the industrial involvement of university scientists. Technovation 28:5:291-297, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2007.06.001
- Beth Young, Nola Hewitt-Dundas, Stephen Roper. 2008. Intellectual Property management in publicly funded R&D centres: A comparison of university-based and company-based research centres. Technovation 28:8:473-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2008.02.004
Dislaimer/disclosure: I am employed by the National Research Council, some of whose activities are described in the above articles. This is a personal blog whose content is my own opinion and does not reflect the policies, views or opinions of the NRC or the Government of Canada.
- Towards Machine Learning on the Semantic Web. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-89765-1_17
Author copy: http://www.cs.ubc.ca/spider/poole/papers/SemSciChapter2008.pdf
- Semantic Science: Ontologies, Data and Probabilistic Theories. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-89765-1_2
- Analogical Reasoning in Description Logics. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-89765-1_19
- Fernando Bobillo, Miguel Delgado, Juan Gómez-Romero. 2008. A Crisp Representation for Fuzzy with Fuzzy Nominals and General Concept Inclusions.
- Mauro Mazzieri, Aldo Franco Dragoni. 2008. A Fuzzy Semantics for the Resource Description Framework.
- Matthias Nickles, Ruth Cobos. 2008. An Approach to Description Logic with Support for Propositional Attitudes and Belief Fusion.
- Andrea Calì, Thomas Lukasiewicz. 2008. An Approach to Probabilistic Data Integration for the Semantic Web.
- Hai-Tao Zheng, Bo-Yeong Kang, Hong-Gee Kim. 2008. An Ontology-Based Bayesian Network Approach for Representing Uncertainty in Clinical Practice Guidelines.
- Claudia d'Amato, Nicola Fanizzi, Floriana Esposito. 2008. Analogical Reasoning in Description Logics.
- Nicola Fanizzi, Claudia d'Amato, Floriana Esposito. 2008. Approximate Measures of Semantic Dissimilarity under Uncertainty.
- Francisco Martín-Recuerda, Dave Robertson. 2008. Discovery and Uncertainty in Semantic Web Services.
- Trevor P. Martin, Yun Shen, Ben Azvine. 2008. Granular Association Rules for Multiple Taxonomies: A Mass Assignment Approach.
- Pedro Domingos, Daniel Lowd, Stanley Kok, Hoifung Poon, Matthew Richardson, Parag Singla. 2008. Just Add Weights: Markov Logic for the Semantic Web.
- Peter Haase, Johanna Völker. 2008. Ontology Learning and Reasoning: Dealing with Uncertainty and Inconsistency.
- Fernando Bobillo, Miguel Delgado, Juan Gómez-Romero. 2008. Optimizing the Crisp Representation of the Fuzzy Description Logic.
- Paulo Cesar G. da Costa, Kathryn B. Laskey, Kenneth J. Laskey. 2008. PR-OWL: A Bayesian Ontology Language for the Semantic Web.
- Paolo Besana, Dave Robertson. 2008.Probabilistic Dialogue Models for Dynamic Ontology Mapping.
- Giorgos Stoilos, Giorgos Stamou, Jeff Z. Pan, Nick Simou, Vassilis Tzouvaras. 2008. Reasoning with the Fuzzy Description Logic f-
- Andrea Calì, Thomas Lukasiewicz, Livia Predoiu, Heiner Stuckenschmidt. 2008. Rule-Based Approaches for Representing Probabilistic Ontology Mappings
- David Poole, Clinton Smyth, Rita Sharma. 2008. Semantic Science: Ontologies, Data and Probabilistic Theories.
Author copy: http://www.cs.ubc.ca/spider/poole/papers/SemSciChapter2008.pdf
- Towards Machine Learning on the Semantic Web. 2008. Volker Tresp, Markus Bundschus, Achim Rettinger, Yi Huang.
- Alan Eckhardt, Tomás Horváth, Duan Marák, Róbert Novotný, Peter
Vojtá. 2008. Uncertainty Issues and Algorithms in Automating Process Connecting Web and User.
- Volker Haarslev, Hsueh-Ieng Pai, Nematollaah Shiri. 2008. Uncertainty Reasoning for Ontologies with General TBoxes in Description Logic.
- Joaquín Borrego-Díaz, Antonia M. Chávez-González. 2008. Using Cognitive Entropy to Manage Uncertain Concepts in Formal Ontologies.
Thursday, November 27, 2008
- Map showing all localities mentioned in the paper, with their enclosing
- List of other studies which have samples in area enclosed by the
- Each of the following are linked through to their underlying
databases (such as NIH accession number and NCBI nucleotide viewer
or linked to ubio taxonomic name viewer record:
- List of sequence features (such as genes) in the article
- List of taxa sequenced in the article
- List of gene sequences cited by the article
- List of sequence features (such as genes) in the article
- An image collage of all biological taxa (organisms) in article
- List of studies on related organisms
and his Treemaps of Taxa.
Monday, November 24, 2008
Despite some discussion about 2.4 having poorer indexing performance, my tests with LuSql 0.9 suggest otherwise:
Number of records added= 2000000
Optimizing index time: 311 seconds
Closing JDBC: result set
Closing JDBC: statement
Closing JDBC: connection
*********** Elapsed time: 854 seconds
Number of records added= 2000000Index size: 3.7GB.
Optimizing index time: 322 seconds
Closing JDBC: result set
Closing JDBC: statement
Closing JDBC: connection
*********** Elapsed time: 759 seconds
It is interesting that the overall indexing time is significantly less, but the optimizing time is slightly higher.
Data, hardware and system configuration: as per my previous Lucene benchmarking.
Note that this is a simple benchmark, so YMWV. This benchmark was done with the LuSql default number of threads for the hardware in question, 20.
MySQL version used: v5.0.45 compiled from source, concurrency=8.
Wednesday, November 19, 2008
Monday, November 17, 2008
LuSql can handle complex queries, allows for additional per record sub-queries, and has a plug-in architecture for arbitrary Lucene document manipulation. Its only dependencies are three Apache Commons libraries, the Lucene core itself, and a JDBC driver.
LuSql has been extensively tested, including a large 6+ million full-text & article metadata document collection, producing an 86GB Lucene index.
I am the author of the LuSql software.Update 2008 11 17 14:16:
Update 2008 11 17 22:00
- Discussion on the Solr list
Wednesday, November 12, 2008
The site for the book includes Tutorial on Semantic Digital Libraries, a tutorial presented at JCDL2008, as well as a faceted searchable interface to the (extensive and useful) links described in the book.
- Part I - Introduction to Digital Libraries and Semantic Web
- Digital Libraries and Knowledge Organization
- Semantic Web and Ontologies
- Social Semantic Information Spaces
- Part II - A Vision of Semantic Digital Libraries
- Goals of Semantic Digital Libraries
- Architecture of Semantic Digital Libraries
- Long-time Preservation
- Part III - Ontologies for Semantic Digital Libraries
- Bibliographic Ontology
- Community-aware Ontologies
- Part IV - Prototypes of Semantic Digital Libraries
- JeromeDL - the Social Semantic Digital Library
- The BRICKS Digital Library Infrastructure
- Semantics in Greenstone
- Part V - Building the Future - Semantic Digital Libraries in Use
- Semantic Digital Libraries for Archiving
- Evaluation of Semantic and Social Technologies for Digital Libraries
- Conclusions: The Future of Semantic Digital Libraries
Monday, November 03, 2008
These are all great articles, and I particularly like the Jansen et al article ("Pragmatic and Opportunistic Reuse in Innovative Start-up Companies") and feel that almost everyone who is trying to bring their organizationl IT into the 21st century should be forced to read the Gamble et al article ("Monoliths to Mashups: Increasing Opportunistic Assets").
- Cornelius Ncube, Patricia Oberndorf, Anatol W. Kark, "Opportunistic Software Systems Development: Making Systems from What's Available," IEEE Software, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 38-41, Nov/Dec, 2008
- Slinger Jansen, Sjaak Brinkkemper, Ivo Hunink, Cetin Demir, "Pragmatic and Opportunistic Reuse in Innovative Start-up Companies," IEEE Software, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 42-49, Nov/Dec, 2008
- Sriram Balasubramaniam, Grace A. Lewis, Soumya Simanta, Dennis B. Smith, "Situated Software: Concepts, Motivation, Technology, and the Future," IEEE Software, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 50-55, Nov/Dec, 2008
- Barry Boehm, Jesal Bhuta, "Balancing Opportunities and Risks in Component-Based Software Development," IEEE Software, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 56-63, Nov/Dec, 2008
- Željko Obrenovic, Dragan Gaševic, Anton Eliëns, "Stimulating Creativity through Opportunistic Software Development," IEEE Software, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 64-70, Nov/Dec, 2008
- M. Todd Gamble, Rose Gamble, "Monoliths to Mashups: Increasing Opportunistic Assets," IEEE Software, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 71-79, Nov/Dec, 2008
Wednesday, October 29, 2008
I'm going to order one. You should too! :-)
Tuesday, October 28, 2008
Thursday, October 23, 2008
I must admit I am rather surprised by this turn of events.
Wednesday, October 22, 2008
mandating Open Access to publicly funded research. This was done after
extensive consultation and lobbying[2,3]:
- "Since January 2007 Ukraine has a law mandating open access to publicly funded researches.
- It was widely supported by most of the Parliament members.
- And it is already the second parliamentary inquiry mandating the
Cabinet of Ministers to take actions on creating favorable conditions
for developing open access repositories in archives, libraries,
museums, scientific and research institutions with open access
condition to state funded researches."
Law of Ukraine On the principles of developing information society in Ukraine (in Ukrainian).
Kuchma, I. 2007. Developing National Open Access Policies: Ukrainian Case Study. Proceedings ELPUB2007 Conference on Electronic Publishing. Vienna, Austria, June 2007.
Kuchma, I. 2008. Open Access, Equity, and Strong Economy in Developing and Transition Countries: Policy Perspective. Serials Review 34:1:13-20.
Kuchma, I.2008. Open Access in Ukraine: Cooperation with the policy makers. Open Access Repositories Workshop, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
Thursday, October 16, 2008
"To commemorate the 150th anniversary of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, the University of Cincinnati has recreated the Galapagos Islands, where Darwin conducted some of his famous research, in Second Life. The project is part of the university’s 2009 Darwin Sesquicentennial Celebration.
By January 2009, all avatars will be able to retrace Darwin’s steps — from his 1832 journey to South America aboard the Beagle to his tours of the islands — with the help of a wind-surfing tour guide. Archived audio and video clips, as well as live events, will be available in the Darwin Celebration Theater and Gallery."
From: Darwin's Famous Journey Is Recreated in Second Life, The Wired Campus, October 16, 2008
Friday, October 03, 2008
This is a great concept and prototype, but could we take it a little further and generalize it? Say, to semantically enhanced reality goggles that allow you to select a particular semantic view of the world, including scientific and social views? Put them on and toggle the "Biological taxonomy" semantic view while you are walking through the rainforest and you have species names overlaid on your enhanced reality; identified poisonous plants and animals are marked with a bright red "Do not eat" and "Avoid", respectively; identified endangered species are marked with an "Endangered: Do not step-on / touch / damage / pick" and when when a dangerous human-eating animal is recognized close-up, perhaps your goggles would go opaque and flash "Don't Panic". ;-)
Hop on a plane to Devon Island and switch to "Geology" and the goggles make use of its hyperspectral sensor to identify rock types as you hike, supplemented by geological ontologies of geological mapping information, as latitude/longitude second lines are projected across the landscape.
And as you are hiking across the tundra, perhaps - in an Agent-like manner - the "Biological Taxonomy" interrupts when it detects the movements of a polar bear in the distance!
Head back home and switch to the "Social Networking" view, and as you walk through the mall - through facial recognition and subsequent information gleaned from social networking sites and other human-oriented data sets and ontologies - the people walking by you are augmented by a colour coding based on some criteria you have defined, like "History of violence" or "SF likes long walks on the beach" or "Recently dissed your blog"...
Saturday, September 27, 2008
While her blog is not one dedicated to Open Access but instead to her research ("Thinking about our research into the mechanism, function and evolution of DNA uptake by Haemophilus influenzae and other bacteria"), it is clear that she is spending more time and accruing more frustration dealing with this particular issue than she would want to be, or should be...
Update: 2008 Nov 12: It seems that the Dr. Redfield has given up on Elsevier, and has decided to stop publishing articles with this publisher: "...I won't be submitting to any Elsevier journals in the future."
This Oct 14 is Open Access Day and the 5th publishing anniversary of the first PLoS journal, so the PloS and others are celebrating both with a number of events, T-shirts, buttons, blog competition, flyer, downloadable posters, bookmark, etc:
- Spread the word - downloadables, creatables, educational resources
- T-shirts, buttons and posters - freebies (No T-shirts left :-( )
- Participants from around the world organizing large and small local events
PS. I wonder if they will be releasing the T-Shirt designs with a Creative Commons
license, so anyone can print a T-shirt?
Friday, September 26, 2008
Monday, September 22, 2008
Processing, soliciting, and providing assistance with data submissions for scientific data from genome sequencing and genotyping experiments into existing databases , analysis pipelines and associated data flows. Developing and improving the infrastructure supporting these systems.
- Formal Education PhD
- Scripting experience in perl or related language
- Experience with SQL
- Experience with LINUX/UNIX
- Ability to use Microsoft Excel and related applications
- Proven record solving related problems
- Knowledge of genetics, especially human genetics
- Experience with large data sets
- XML/XSLT and related web based tools
- Experience with array data, especially expression or genotyping data
- Experience with grid computing (LSF,SunGrid, etc.)
- QA filtering of genotype data (HWE, non-Mendelian segregation)
- Experience with the NCBI dbSNP or dbGaP databases
- Experience with the NCBI Trace or GenBank databases
Thursday, September 18, 2008
Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Volume 5173: Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. Ed. Birte Christensen-Dalsgaard, Donatella Castelli, Bolette Ammitzbøll Jurik, Joan Lippincott.
Table of Contents:
- George Buchanan, Jennifer Pearson. Improving Placeholders in Digital Documents
- Ying Jiang, Hui Dong. Towards Ontology-Based Chinese E-Government Digital Archives Knowledge Management
- Christoph Becker, Miguel Ferreira, Michael Kraxner, Andreas Rauber, Ana Alice Baptista, José Carlos Ramalho. Distributed Preservation Services: Integrating Planning and Actions
- Eld Zierau, Anders Sewerin Johansen. Archive Design Based on Planets Inspired Logical Object Model
- Manfred Thaller, Volker Heydegger, Jan Schnasse, Sebastian Beyl, Elona Chudobkaite. Significant Characteristics to Abstract Content: Long Term Preservation of Information
- Khasfariyati Razikin, Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Alton Y. K. Chua, Chei Sian Lee. Can Social Tags Help You Find What You Want?
- Quang Minh Nguyen, Thi Nhu Quynh Kim, Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Yin-Leng Theng, Ee-Peng Lim, Aixin Sun, Chew Hung Chang, Kalyani Chatterjea. TagNSearch: Searching and Navigating Geo-referenced Collections of Photographs
- Sebastian Ryszard Kruk, Ewelina Kruk, Katarzyna Stankiewicz. Evaluation of Semantic and Social Technologies for Digital Libraries
- Andrea Ernst-Gerlach, Gregory Crane. Identifying Quotations in Reference Works and Primary Materials
- David W. Archer, Lois M. L. Delcambre, Fabio Corubolo, Lillian Cassel, Susan Price, Uma Murthy, David Maier, Edward A. Fox, Sudarshan Murthy, John McCall, Kiran Kuchibhotla, Rahul Suryavanshi. Superimposed Information Architecture for Digital Libraries
- Gemma Madle, Patty Kostkova, Abdul Roudsari. Impact-ED - A New Model of Digital Library Impact Evaluation
- Simon Attfield, Stephann Makri, James Kalbach, Ann Blandford, Stephen Gabrielle, Mark Edwards. Prioritisation, Resources and Search Terms: A Study of Decision-Making at the Virtual Reference Desk
- Amy Stafford, Ali Shiri, Stan Ruecker, Matthew Bouchard, Paras Mehta, Karl Anvik, Ximena Rossello. Searchling: User-Centered Evaluation of a Visual Thesaurus-Enhanced Interface for Bilingual Digital Libraries
- Massimiliano Assante, Leonardo Candela, Donatella Castelli, Luca Frosini, Lucio Lelii, Paolo Manghi, Andrea Manzi, Pasquale Pagano, Manuele Simi. An Extensible Virtual Digital Libraries Generator
- Jyishane Liu. A Participative Digital Archiving Approach to University History and Memory
- Dimitris Gavrilis, Constantia Kakali, Christos Papatheodorou. Enhancing Library Services with Web 2.0 Functionalities
- José H. Canós, Manuel Llavador, Eduardo Mena, Marcos R. S. Borges. A Service-Oriented Infrastructure for Early Citation Management
- David Tarrant, Les Carr, Terry Payne. Releasing the Power of Digital Metadata: Examining Large Networks of Co-related Publications
- Kai-Hsiang Yang, Hsin-Tsung Peng, Jian-Yi Jiang, Hahn-Ming Lee, Jan-Ming Ho. Author Name Disambiguation for Citations Using Topic and Web Correlation
- Arash Joorabchi, Abdulhussain E. Mahdi. Development of a National Syllabus Repository for Higher Education in Ireland
- Robert Ikeda, Kai Zhao, Hector Garcia-Molina. Matching Hierarchies Using Shared Objects
- Zeki Mustafa Dogan, Alfred Scharsky. Virtual Unification of the Earliest Christian Bible: Digitisation, Transcription, Translation and Physical Description of the Codex Sinaiticus
- Michele Artini, Leonardo Candela, Donatella Castelli, Paolo Manghi, Marko Mikulicic, Pasquale Pagano. Sustainable Digital Library Systems over the DRIVER Repository Infrastructure
- Moira C. Norrie, Beat Signer, Nadir Weibel. Interactive Paper as a Reading Medium in Digital Libraries
- Qianyi Gu, Sebastian Chica, Faisal Ahmad, Huda Khan, Tamara Sumner, James H. Martin, Kirsten Butcher. Personalizing the Selection of Digital Library Resources to Support Intentional Learning
- Agnieszka Lewandowska, Cezary Mazurek, Marcin Werla. Enrichment of European Digital Resources by Federating Regional Digital Libraries in Poland
- Liana Stanescu, Dumitru Burdescu, Mihai Gabriel, Cosmin Stoica, Anca Ion. Access Modalities to an Imagistic Library for Medical e-Learning
- Te Taka Keegan, Sally Jo Cunningham. What a Difference a Default Setting Makes
- Nicola Ferro, Gianmaria Silvello. A Methodology for Sharing Archival Descriptive Metadata in a Distributed Environment
- Ceri Binding, Keith May, Douglas Tudhope. Semantic Interoperability in Archaeological Datasets: Data Mapping and Extraction Via the CIDOC CRM
- Maristella Agosti, Nicola Ferro. Annotations: A Way to Interoperability in DL
- Michalis Sfakakis, Sarantos Kapidakis. Semantic Based Substitution of Unsupported Access Points in the Library Meta-search Environments
- Yukio Uematsu, Takafumi Inoue, Kengo Fujioka, Ryoji Kataoka, Hayato Ohwada. Proximity Scoring Using Sentence-Based Inverted Index for Practical Full-Text Search
- Paraskevi Raftopoulou, Euripides G. M. Petrakis, Christos Tryfonopoulos, Gerhard Weikum. Information Retrieval and Filtering over Self-organising Digital Libraries
- Frank Kurth, David Damm, Christian Fremerey, Meinard Müller, Michael Clausen. A Framework for Managing Multimodal Digitized Music Collections
- Joan A. Smith, Michael L. Nelson. A Quantitative Evaluation of Dissemination-Time Preservation Metadata
- Nattiya Kanhabua, Kjetil Nørvåg. Improving Temporal Language Models for Determining Time of Non-timestamped Documents
- Martin Klein, Michael L. Nelson. Revisiting Lexical Signatures to (Re-)Discover Web Pages
- Vittore Casarosa, Jill Cousins, Anna Maria Tammaro, Yannis Ioannidis. The Web Versus Digital Libraries: Time to Revisit This Once Hot Topic
- Giuseppe Amato, Franca Debole, Carol Peters, Pasquale Savino. The MultiMatch Prototype: Multilingual/Multimedia Search for Cultural Heritage Objects
- Jose Barateiro, Goncalo Antunes, Manuel Cabral, Jose Borbinha, Rodrigo Rodrigues. Digital Preservation of Scientific Data
- Ceri Binding, Douglas Tudhope. Using Terminology Web Services for the Archaeological Domain
- Toby Burrows, Ela Majocha. Building a Digital Research Community in the Humanities
- Javier D. Fernandez, Miguel A. Martinez-Prieto, Pablo Fuente, Jesus Vegas, Joaquin Adiego. Agile DL: Building a DELOS-Conformed Digital Library Using Agile Software Development
- Marco Dussin, Nicola Ferro. Design of a Digital Library System for Large-Scale Evaluation Campaigns
- Tzu-Yen Hsu, Ting-Hua Chen, Chung-Hsi Hung, Sea-Hom Chou. An XML-Centric Storage for Better Preservation and Maintenance of Data: Union Catalog of NDAP, Taiwan
- Gitte Behrens, Mikkel Kamstrup Erlandsen, Toke Eskildsen, Bolette Ammitzb38ll Jurik, Dorete B3¸ving Larsen, Hans Lauridsen, Michael Poltorak Nielsen, JÃ¸rn ThÃ¸gersen, Mads Villadsen. Summa: This Is Not a Demo
- Gabriella Kazai, Antoine Doucet, Monica Landoni. New Tasks on Collections of Digitized Books
- Hannes Kulovits, Christoph Becker, Michael Kraxner, Florian Motlik, Kevin Stadler, Andreas Rauber. Plato: A Preservation Planning Tool Integrating Preservation Action Services
- Ryan Shaw, Ray R. Larson. Event Representation in Temporal and Geographic Context
- Te-Jun Lin, Jyun-Wei Huang, Christine Lin, Hung-Yi Li, Hsiang-An Wang, Chih-Yi Chiu. A Mechanism for Solving the Unencoded Chinese Character Problem on the Web
- Haakon Lund, John Paulin Hansen. Gaze Interaction and Access to Library Collection
- Miguel A. MartÃnez-Prieto, Pablo Fuente, JesÃºs Vegas, JoaquÃn Adiego. Covering Heterogeneous Educative Environments with Integrated Editions in the Electronic Work
- Anna Mastora, Maria Monopoli, Sarantos Kapidakis. Exploring Query Formulation and Reformulation: A Preliminary Study to Map Usersâ?? Search Behaviour
- Yuko Taniguchi, Hidetsugu Nanba. Identification of Bibliographic Information Written in Both Japanese and English
- Gilberto Pedrosa, Joso Luzio, Hugo Manguinhas, Bruno Martins, Jose Borbinha. DIGMAP: A Digital Library Reusing Metadata of Old Maps and Enriching It with Geographic Information
- Magnus Pfeffer, Kai Eckert, Heiner Stuckenschmidt. Visual Analysis of Classification Systems and Library Collections
- Alberto Pinto, Goffredo Haus. A Framework for Music Content Description and Retrieval
- Jan Schnasse, Sebastian Beyl, Elona Chudobkaite, Volker Heydegger, Manfred Thaller. XCL: The Extensible Characterisation Language - One Step towards an Automatic Evaluation of Format Conversions
- Filip Kruse, Annette Balle Sorensen, Bart Ballaux, Birte Christensen-Dalsgaard, Hans Hofman, Michael Poltorak Nielsen, John W. Pattenden-Fail, Seamus Ross, Kellie Snow, Jorn Thogersen. A User Field Study: Communication in Academic Communities and Government Agencies
- Heike Neuroth, Stefan Strathmann, Sven Vlaeminck. Digital Preservation Needs of Scientific Communities: The Example of Gottingen University
- Jakob Voss. Dynamic Catalogue Enrichment with SeeAlso Link Servers
- Junte Zhang, Khairun Nisa Fachry, Jaap Kamps. Access to Archival Finding Aids: Context Matters
Wednesday, September 10, 2008
Canadian Minister of Industry Accepts S&T Strategy's Sub-Priorities Recommended by the Science, Technology and Innovation Council
- S&T priority: Environmental science and technologies
Sub-priorities: Water (health, energy, security); cleaner methods of extracting, processing and using hydrocarbon fuels, including reduced consumption of these fuels
- S&T priority: Natural resources and energy
Sub-priorities: Energy production in the oil sands; Arctic (resource production, climate change adaptation, monitoring); biofuels, fuel cells and nuclear energy
- S&T priority: Health and related life sciences and technologies
Sub-priorities: Regenerative medicine; neuroscience; health in an aging population; biomedical engineering and medical technologies
- S&T priority: Information and communications technologies
Sub-priorities: New media, animation and games; wireless networks and services; broadband networks; telecom equipment
- CIHR press release [2008 Sept]
- Australian government innovation report, 1 & 2 [2008 Sept]
- 2006 blog entry on the S&T Strategy when it was released by my colleague Richard Akerman
- Smith, W. & J. Halliwell. 1999. Principles and Practices for Using Scientific Advice in Government Decision Making: International Best Practices (PDF). Report to the S&T Strategy Directorate, Industry Canada. In support of the work of the Council of Science and Technology Advisers.
- Council of Science and Technology Advisors (CSTA) (Canada)
Its recommendations are:
- Recommendation 10.1: Consideration should be given to extending the platform created to enforce payments and administer income contingent loans through the tax system; for instance, by extending income contingent loans for tertiary education outside universities and for sole trader entrepreneurs seeking to fund innovative projects.
- Recommendation 10.2: An advisory committee of web 2.0 practitioners should be established to propose and help steer governments as they experiment with web 2.0 technologies and ideas.
- Recommendation 10.3 An Advocate for Government Innovation should be established to promote innovation in the public sector.
- Recommendation 10.4: A rigorous policy of evaluating all Australian Government innovation programs and other relevant programs be established. In a way analogous to the requirement that new regulation cannot be implemented without adequate regulatory impact analysis, a policy should be adopted whereby new programs cannot be implemented without an adequate evaluation strategy and funding for evaluation including the collection of `base data' to evaluate the effects of the program.
- Recommendation 10.5: Experimentation in innovative policy and administration should be a major theme of the current refashioning of federal relations. States and Territories should be able to bid for federal funds to pioneer innovative approaches and to have their innovations properly and independently evaluated. This could be taken up within the COAG National Partnership Rewards payments currently being negotiated.
- Recommendation 10.6: The Australian Government should recognise its role as an active participant in facilitating innovation through procurement practices. In this context, the Government should: ·actively manage its ability to enable and demand innovation in procured services and products given its significant presence as a major purchaser; ·in procurement, be open to participating in risk sharing in relation to innovation demanded; ·explore the use of forward purchase commitmentsas a means of fostering more innovative approaches to government procurement; and ·work with the State and Territories to implement a pilot Small Business Innovation Contracting program based on the US SBIR design principles, to strengthen the growth of highly innovative firms in Australia. The Advocate for Government Innovation should operate as a source of expertise and seed funding for the resourcing of such approaches to procurement.
- Recommendation 11.1: National innovation priorities as set out in this Review, be a focus of innovation policy and activities and the National Innovation Council be charged with ongoing evaluation of the alignment of public innovation policy with National Research and Innovation priorities.
- Recommendation 12.1: The Prime Minister's Science, Engineering and Innovation Council should be replaced by a new National Innovation Council, chaired by the Prime Minister, and supported by a small but high level Office of Innovation. An International Innovation Advisory Panel would be formed to provide advice to the Council on international engagement.
- Recommendation 12.2: To more effectively coordinate the innovation activities of public sector research agencies and to provide a source of coordinated advice to the National Innovation Council, a Research Coordination Council should be established.
- Recommendation 12.3: The Minister for Innovation should be a joint signatory to any Cabinet proposals from across government significantly bearing on the nationalinnovation agenda, to ensure co-ordination.
- Recommendation 12.4: Innovation Australia should be the single major agency responsible for delivering innovation program support for firms. Such programs would be delivered through the AusIndustry network.
- Recommendation 12.5: The Australian Government and State and Territory governments should adopt a framework of principles for innovation interventions (as setout in this Review) to enhance consistency in approach across governments and improve the overall accessibility and efficiency of the suite of interventions.
- Recommendation 12.6: That governments review the existing suite of programs and develop any new programs in the light of these principles. All program proposals should contain clear ex ante evaluation criteria, and provide for the provision or collection of relevant base line data before program implementation. Design principles and rules should be applied consistently. (See proposed design principles in Chapter 4 and Annex 4)
- Recommendation 12.7: That senior government officials develop a collaborative mechanism to oversee the agreed approach and report periodically to relevant Australian Government and State and Territory ministers.
- Recommendation 12.8: That common metrics, performance indicators and mechanisms for collecting and sharing data be developed and adopted by all jurisdictions.
- Recommendation 12.9: That governments together develop a single mechanism (such as a web portal) for providing information to clients about access to the full range of Australian and State and Territory government innovation programs.
- Recommendation 12.10: The ABS should be resourced to ensure the longevity and international consistency of innovation data collections and their availability to facilitate effective policy development. The National Innovation Council should advise where additional data collection is required to produce its Annual Statement on Innovation.
- Recommendation 12.11: An Annual Statement on Innovation should be prepared by the National Innovation Council and incorporate a clear set of framework indicators. (An initial proposal for these indicators is set out in Annex 12).
- Recommendation 12.12: The Australian Government, with the guidance of the National Innovation Council, should establish rigorous and consistent evaluation processes for innovation programs in line with the principle that the function should be carried out on an armslength and transparent basis.
- Recommendation 12.13: A National Centre for Innovation Research should be established to advance knowledge of the innovation system through high quality, independent research which is strongly relevant to policy and practice.
Australian innovation report recommends Open Access to research outputs, Creative Commons for government documents, open standards for publishing
The Australian minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research (just having a ministry so named is a Good Thing!), Kim Carr spoke about this report in a speech released yesterday and talks about - among other interesting things for those interested in national innovation and R&D strategy - Creative Commons and Open Access to research outputs:
It is embodied in a series of recommendations aimed at unlocking public information and content, including the results of publicly funded research.This speech reflects a number of recommendations in the report:
The review panel recommends making this material available under a creative commons licence through:
- machine searchable repositories, especially for scientific papers and data
- cultural agencies, collections and institutions, which would be funded to reflect their role in innovation
- and the internet, where it would be freely available to the world.
...The arguments for stepping out first on open access are the same as the arguments for stepping out first on emissions trading – the more willing we are to show leadership on this, we more chance we have of persuading other countries to reciprocate.
- Recommendation 7.7: Australia should establish a National Information Strategy to optimise the flow of information in the Australian economy. The fundamental aim of a National Information Strategy should be to: ·utilise the principles of targeted transparency and the development of auditable standards to maximise the flow of information in private markets about product quality; and ·maximise the flow of government generated information, research, and content for the
benefit of users (including private sector resellers of information).
- Recommendation 7.8: Australian governments should adopt international standards of open publishing as far as possible. Material released for public information by Australian governments should be released under a creative commons licence.
- Recommendation 7.9: Funding models and institutional mandates should recognise the research and innovation role and contributions of cultural agencies and institutions responsible for information repositories, physical collections or creative content and fund them accordingly.
- Recommendation 7.10: A specific strategy for ensuring the scientific knowledge produced in Australia is placed in machine searchable repositories be developed and implemented using public funding agencies and universities as drivers.
- Recommendation 7.11: Action should be taken to establish an agreed framework for the designation, funding models, and access frameworks for key collections in recognition of the national and international significance of many State and Territory collections (similar to the frameworks and accords developed around Australia's Major Performing Arts Companies).
- Recommendation 7.14: To the maximum extent practicable, information, research and content funded by Australian governments including national collections should be made freely available over the internet as part of the global public commons. This should be done whilst the Australian Government encourages other countries to reciprocate by making their own contributions to the global digital pubic commons.
Thursday, September 04, 2008
- Editorial (2008). Community cleverness required Nature, 455 (7209), 1-1 DOI: 10.1038/455001a
- David Goldston (2008). Big data: Data wrangling Nature, 455 (7209), 15-15 DOI: 10.1038/455015a
- Cory Doctorow (2008). Big data: Welcome to the petacentre Nature, 455 (7209), 16-21 DOI: 10.1038/455016a
- Mitch Waldrop (2008). Big data: Wikiomics Nature, 455 (7209), 22-25 DOI: 10.1038/455022a
- Clifford Lynch (2008). Big data: How do your data grow? Nature, 455 (7209), 28-29 DOI: 10.1038/455028a
- Sue Nelson (2008). Big data: The Harvard computers Nature, 455 (7209), 36-37 DOI: 10.1038/455036a
- Doug Howe, Maria Costanzo, Petra Fey, Takashi Gojobori, Linda Hannick, Winston Hide, David P. Hill, Renate Kania, Mary Schaeffer, Susan St Pierre, Simon Twigger, Owen White, Seung Yon Rhee (2008). Big data: The future of biocuration Nature, 455 (7209), 47-50 DOI: 10.1038/455047a
Wednesday, September 03, 2008
These are great things, but they turn on too early, when it is still too bright out, wasting energy. Right now, Sept 2ish, where I live (Ottawa area, Canada), they turn on about 45+ minutes before the sun goes down. Yes, you can see them, but these things are so low intensity that they are not useful until around when the sun goes down. But it means they are burning 45-60 minutes of power being on but being useless. As they often do not have enough juice to stay lit all night, this makes a difference.
Adding a way of altering the light level causing these little things turn on would increase their price slightly (which is one possible solution), so instead of that it would be nice if the manufacturers slightly reduced the light level triggering these things when they come on. Either way, it would be nice if they indicated at what intensity in candela they turned on, so consumers could select the appropriate solar lamp which turned on at the right light level.